Good and bad as value judgements are to be distinguished from right and wrong as value judgements.
Firstly the epithet value judgement is a subjective description, and the terms good , bad, right, wrong, are container adjectives, holding many related but different rferents.
The basis of all referents is a process that relates a sensory signal in all the processing neurologies to an output signal, again in all the neurologies. This relationship may iterate with the output and establish a stable dynamic sequence of relationships or be evolved out of all recognition. The sequence within the processing structure are complex and may result in delayed signal outputs aor sequence steps combining with relatively fresh signal input/output, but there is one structure within any extended sequence process thar functions as a store of signal input/output which is not to be confused with delay.
The storage capability of a delay system is not to be dismissed, but storing signals is usually based on cyclical self referencing signals that sequence themselves unless a certain condition pertains when a signal may be transferred out to a greater sequence structure.
Memory is so fundamental that we do not really always acknowldge its universal role. Without variuos forms of memeory we cannot function in any flexibly complex way, even with delay circuits. Systems without memory tend to run on "automatic", and behave without deviation. The system itself constitutes the "memory" of it statuses and its functions and its triggers.
With memory more complex systems and sequences can be established, and comparisons made, which in turn cybernetically form controls of sequence behaviour. Once a system has even the smallest memory it has the capability of choosing by memoy comparison. Once a system can choose its choice consequences can be compared in a larger system, and an output evaluation assigned. The "larger sysem can evaluate "right/wrong", "good/ bad", "0/ 1", "A/ Z" etc.
These evaluative assignments may be stored in memory and used to decide other sequences. Memory , therefore in its various statuses in the synaesthesia i call the CNS and PNS parallel processing system, provides the comparative ability to enable complex procedural sequences, and the more memory the system has the more complex the procedures may be. The complex convoluted relationships that crete and access memory statuses both fully and partially, Combinatorially allow a finite system of orocessing nodes to exceed its "finite" limitations and exhibit "behavioural instability", that is surprisingly unpredicted behaviours.
In a finite system it is possible to determine all the possible sequences, and thus to analyse a systems behaviour. However the combinatorial possibilities soon become un manageable ad overwhelming, and then one starts to evaluate outcomes mot on synthetic system analysis , but on expected and emotive system outcomes. My own subjective evaluation system kicks in and i begin to evaluate a system as if it were a living organism.
For each of us, where we make that switch is subjective and knowledge driven. Thus the more one can anlyse the stages in a sequence at a fundamental level the more mechanical and machinelike the metaphors are that one uses in the analysis and sysnthesis. Currently the most complex electromechanical system we can understand is the computer, but for many of us it has passed from machine into organic descriptors.
Memory is crucial to evaluative procedures and to analytical procedures especially evaluations of adherence and congruence. The collection of comparators is combinatorially large, but as an example if i restrict myself to 3 distinctions, visual, auditory and kinesthetic then i have 27 possible combinations of all 3, 6 of which provide sufficiently distinctive permutation to assign different values to in a larger system.
In the system of 27 congruence could be assigned to VVV,AAA, KKK. That is to say that if i evaluate purely in one sensory system i can only make one distinction. If i evaluate in 3 systems i have 6 possible independent distinctions. If all those distinctions give the same experience, or similar experiences in a larger system as say VVV then i may decide that the generating signal response is congruent. The remaining 18 possibilities provide valuable redundancy and also a "continuum" of graded evaluation. This is experienced as a level of uncertainty or doubt, or a closeness of similarity. In these states we may evaluate something as subjective and dreamlike, or symbolic and representational. Thus each comparator sequence can be assigned a evaluative output in larger system.
We may also use the very same arrangement to evaluate what we call probability, which is a subjective evaluation scheme, whereas statistics is a purely cipheristic scheme to which we attach attributes based on deductions of geometric forms or just general forms as they apply to the cipheristic evaluation. The intensity bais of magnitude is also enwrapped in the notion of form as is the notion of motion as change of intensity. Thus bounded forms exhibit periodic motion attributes, or cyclical variations in intensity.
If that congruent experience however is unsettling kinaesthetically, that is KKK is unsettling, and the 6 variations produce the exact same result i may avoid that signal in the future.
The signal in evoking the avoidance response marks itself out as "bad". Thus we have a signal that is congruent by all processes of comparison, thus the signal is "right" but the associated response to the signal is "bad".
The response is stored as an evaluative process result in which the 2 parts are combined but distinguished: the signal is congruent but the experience is bad.
Now this is the structure of the memory sequence, according to neurology. The Amygdalla and the limbic system are engaged in an important process of storing evaluative procedural outputs in terms of the "emotional" response to the signal, and the "congruency" or reality of the signal. The sensitive nature of this system determines the behaviour of the individual before, during and after a process.
Thus an incident may be ealuated by others as minor, but for the particular individual the amygdalla is hyperactive just at that processing moment. Thus the incident is given a much higher emotional rating than what most others would. Going forward, the individual now reacts in an extreme manner merely to the memory access of that particular part of the sequence. The limbic system fires off at a lower level of access than most others, and builds amuch huger chemical release reponse than most others. This results in exremes of acting out. ecause the signal is so slight others may not detect it, and conclude that the response is "out" of the blue".
While the amygdalla and limbic system are firing, their response to the ongoing situation is diminished, thus the individual appears to "lose it" because access to he memory system is now overloaded. Conequently access t control emory states is limited or non existent and the individual is unable to control or stop chemically driven behaviours by self generated memory accesses. The individual requires intervention, help to revert to the normal functioning of the limbic amygdalla system, and a dissipation of the electrochemical build up in his body.
Teaching such an individual to noice the signs and to distract away from them physically and emotionally will be of use. However many such individuals learn to Dissociate away from the signals and emotions at an early age, by harsh and aggressive socialisation responses. In addition, for a sensitive child, it would not require much harshness or aggression . Such people who have undergone this treatment may in fact exhibit the psychopathic profile.
Thus the memory function of the amygdalla and the limbic systems are crucial to the development of ones personality, psycho pathology and behavioural response. However, if your memory functinality response is met with warmth and love within the socialisation process then ones behaviours eventually can be brought within the cultural or societal norm.
The societl or cultural norm is this set of memory driven responses that define good /bad and right/ wrong in terms of proprioceptive responses and adherence congruency.
The power of the CNS and PNS to produce chemical response drivers such as Oxytocin, testosterone, adrenalin etc is based n the memory functionality of the brain. Alocal system may fire certain chemical processes but the brain is the grand central coordinating system that links the whole intra dependently. Without memory at all levels the system would function haphazardly. Although training helps a lot, if the basic amygdalla lymbic memory system with the neuronal chemical "wrap" is not functioning in a coordinated way then the individual loses their personhood along with other lost memory store functions.
The moral prejudice that many believe humans have, is in fact a system thing, and is found widespread among all animates with memory driven functionality. Evaluating a person as good or bad , right or wrong, is a ridiculous oversimplification, a blinding value judgement, but one that may save your life. As long as we admit that this notion of morality is not about blame and condemnation, but about what are the most useful memory driven functions we need to cooperate, protect and survive.