Newton's Third Law and Edward Leedskalnin
One of the greatly misunderstood laws of Newtons fractal model of the astrological /celestial heavens was his third law. It was never very specific , being a catch all law requiring further elaboration which Newton did not have time to do, nor did he have cause or inclination to after publishing due to the extensive nature of his work and duty at the Royal mint, and due to recovering from a mercury induced nervous breakdown.
The effect of his intense alchemical research and his autistic disposition have yet to be fully documented, but by all accounts hr was a changed man after his bout of severe illness.
This third law allowed a system of forces to describe any initial system whether the system was a collision or tensile one. It also guided the formulation of the forces on a dynamic body under the ballistic and gravitational models of motion..
Whereas engineers and mechanics were comfortable with the notion of a projectile moving unconnected through space after some impulse of force, they were less happy with the notion of a force acting at a distance. Thus the notion of a vector field of influence was very important in overcoming many doubts that engineers had, particularly as magnetic lines of force could be visualised. Newton always used the magnetic metaphor to inspire confidence in his methods, though personally he would not commit to the true nature of gravity publicly.
Action at a distance, as typified by magnetism had one obvious consequence: force could originate fro seemingly empty space and act on a body, guiding its motion. For Ed Leedskalnin this meant one thing, with his esoteric training he realised space was not solid, but rather solidity came from a balance of forces in space. Moreover solidity in space was a static equilibrium of force and it was evident that a dynamic equilibrium was possible. In fact a dynamic of space would be felt as a force!
It became clear to him that if these dynamic equilibrium could be weaved together they might form a combined dynamic able to move things .
Ed Leedskalnin benefited from the post Newtonian understanding of action at a distance through an electric field causing a current which created a magnetic "force". There is no record that Ed was an academic. A Latvian, He learned his trade in the Ukraine and developed his understanding by tinkering and experimenting. He did however receive an esoteric training which would have been equivalent to a degree level course, and he may have advanced in his studies this way. While the training of the Rosaecrucians or the Knights Templars or the higher Masonic lodges was indeed a discipleship, the quality of information was often of an advanced scientific and philosophic nature. For a pragmatic builder this may have inspired an experimental curiosity which led to simple empirical observations.
It may not be immediately apparent, but Ed learned his trade in a part of the former Prussian empire. His education was mostly through reading in the public library and from any mystical teachers he may have encountered. In any case the translation of Newton's Principia which he was familiar with, was heavily commented upon by the Prussian or Latvian translator. In this version Newton was said to explain all of the universal forces by magnetism. This is where Ed learned his philosophy and science, from Newton's writings. He perhaps did not get to know that Newton was not certain about the force of gravity being magnetism. When ed came to America he joined the a library and read widely. His immigration number was used to track which books he read. It was used as a unique identifier for him. Thus it was realised every book he had read in the US would be listed in the library records. Someone made the mysterious statement that the secret of magnetic current was his immigration identifier! By taking it to the library any book he had read could be traced.
This quote I found on Leedskalnin.com, the magnetic universe forum
"There is not and never has been a plaque that stated, "The Secret of the Universe is 7129/6105195". This phrase actually started in jest amongst the members of the old Coral Castle forum.
As you can see above the numbers are etched into the doorjamb of Ed's living quarters. It was often the practice for immigrants of the time to display their naturalization numbers in this fashion, especially around WWII when the patriotism of immigrants from certain regions was in question, to put it lightly.
Read more: There is not and never has been a plaque that stated, "The Secret of the Universe is 7129/6105195" – Decoding Ed's Writings Discussions on Magnetic Current Research "
Ed Leedskalnin in short understood that solidity or dynamic force could be manifested out of the surrounding space and electromagnetism was the power to do this. Unlike his contemporaries who thought of matter as solid and therefore solid materials were needed to be strong or to transmit strength, Ed believed solidity and force manifested from space, thus he could weave together a pattern of these forces to form a large dynamic force or region of solidity. The question was how to weave these forces together?
The image above was constructed by John DePew not Leedskalnin.
Incredibly he discovered or understood the power of contra magnetic currents through magnetic dipole forces, and now these currents could move against each other.
Take two pieces of steel fishing line wire, put them in U shape magnet, hold a little while, take them out, bend a little back in one end and hang them up, and make it so that one magnet's lower end is North Pole magnet and the other South Pole magnet – Make it so that they hang three inches apart. Put North Pole North side, and South Pole South side. Now take the four-inch long permanent magnet bar, hold North Pole in North side and South Pole in South side. Raise slowly up to the two hanging magnets, then you will see that the hanging magnets are closing up. Now reverse, put North Pole of bar magnet South side and South Pole North side. This time when bar magnet approaches the hanging magnets will spread out. This experiment shows that North and South Pole magnets are equal in strength and that the streams of individual magnets are running one kind of magnets against the other kind.
if the magnetic forces were patterned in a V formation then they provided a motive force in one direction. . Such a force would dissipate as the V opened out requiring a new V to continue the propulsion. By the placing of 2 magnetic currents in the opposing direction carefully aligned in a bar magnet field, he learned they did not repel as all were commonly taught, they in fact attracted,(Ampere's discovery for electric currents in a wire). He also knew that opposing currents were not supposed to attract but yet this he observed also. He therefore had to figure out how to weave this attraction force between the currents into a useful propulsion force. This required him understanding the polar force of a magnet and how that differed from a magnetic force between wires.
He went to the atomic model claiming that a atom had a spinning magnetic current. From this he worked out a pattern to extend that atomic model, enabling the magnetic substances of the atoms all to align in one orientation creating a super magnetic substance and an intense magnetic f field that lifted the pattern into a rigid structure and freed it from the surrounding electromagnetic cacophony. This super atom floated free of its background magnetic context, and it could lift too!
The symmetrical pattern above is due to John DePew, not Leedskalnin, and represents the encrusting mythological and esoteric interpretation that has grown up around Ed.
The fundamentals of electromagnetism are under review, but the important notion that underlies Ed Leedskalnin understanding is a different understanding of matter. I have alluded to this in posts about the corpuscular theory and charge and space. I have stated that until other data becomes available my definition of space is plasma. I choose plasma not aether or Ether because I prefer to refer to the ontological meaning of space. Now I recognise that Leedskalnin preferred to use magnet to refer to this essential structure of space, but he isolated magnetism into 2 pole derived substances that are separate entities that work together. The movement of these magnetic elements was chiral or vorticular. It is this motion he called a magnetic current.
The magnetic current he observed was a travelling flux field that appeared to pass through a wire as a contra phased dual magnetic substance. What he was observing appears to be the displacement current generating a magnetic fluctuating field. However what he was saying was that this displacement current occurred in a conducting wire under direct current constraints. Thus instead of viewing a current as a motion of electrons he viewed a current as a displacement current, that is one generated by the progression of a magnetic field along a wire. Such a progressing magnetic field generates a magnetic spiral of flux around a conductor. The spiral of flux grows and decays. The growth retards the progression of the magnetic field. This leads to the decay of the spiral flux field which generates an increasing flow of the magnetic field. The magnetic field is also spiral but it is principally contained within the conductor. This system Leefskalnin calls the magnetic individuals both south and north. This is a description of Maxwells waves which were found to travel in a conductor in this way by Lodge nearly 20 years after Maxwell predicted them in his equations.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wireless_telegraphy
For Leedskalnin to observe these was therefore not new, but he was correct. Lodge was not able to demonstrate his discovery due to Hertz stealing his thunder. Had he done so then the picture of how direct current electricity travels in a wire would have been forever changed, for both electric and magnetic currents would have to be shown. Now we are treated to a false image of direct current electromagnetism , and even specialists have to be reminded that maxwells equations have to be applied to both electricity and magnetism ! The calculations are the same but out of phase, and so we tend to ignore the magnetic currents that flow along a wire with the electric currents.
We either use the term current or the term field, that way we avoid this simple confusion of the duality of the fundamental force in space.
The confusion arises because Tesla and Lodge and Hertz and Fitzgerald experimented with alternating electric currents. Edison had too much invested in direct current to allow Tesla to succeed. Consequently accurate knowledge of the practical behaviour of electricity was obscured deliberately in a commercial battle. Researchers may have observed what Leedskalnin observed and simply dismissed it under the duress of some, promoting their scientific or commercial careers. Well, now , in plasma Physics, Leedskalnins observation have been demonstrated, verified in the laboratory and deep space. A magnetic current flows through space in a double helical structure. This lies entirely within the theory of electromagnetism as proposed by Maxwell, it was just not understood or if understood allowed to become common engineering knowledge due to Edison.
Bearing this in mind, the Leedskalnin analysis brings something forgotten back to the table of plasma physics.
the model of a direct electric current flow in a wire is misleading and this plasma flow dynamic occurs st all scales even in a conducting wire. The so called electron cloud/ fluid model for current will be updated to a plasma flow model soon I am sure. What should be recognised is that Leedskalnin and others observed this in the days before we had a theoretical model of plasma. There descriptions and theories are therefore worth mining for empirical data which may even now be going unobserved or unrecognised.
Leedskanlin, like all inventors , names the attributes and distinctions of their discovery to aid there memory and identification of the distinctions they observe. In the case of a wire Leedskanlin knows that one side is said to be south the other north as the current travels and this is given by the right or left hand rule. Since this is a constant of a live wire either the magnets move in a plane keeping north and south on the same side or if they whirl like a drill bit, the north and south poles must be separated to their respective sides. Because he accepts the helical motion of the electric current he has to devise two currents that run alongside that he calls magnetic currents one which is solely south poles, the other north poles. These magnetic currents are not electric currents and they whirl against reach other in lockstep.
Now how they run together is clear in Leedskslnin's words and he clearly saw them progressing together like a drill bit,. In fact a drill bit moves what is around it, so the grove may appear to move but the bit itself remains still.. The magnets that the bit represents will stay in position but whirl around making north and south indistinct. Thus by a process of elimination Leedskalnin must have 2 whirling drill bits next to each other, one the magnetic south current the other the magnetic north.
In a car battery the North Pole magnets run out of positive terminal and South Pole magnets run out of negative terminal. Both kinds of magnets are running, one kind of magnets against the other kind, and are running in the same right-hand screw fashion. By using the same whirling motion and running one kind of magnets against the other kind, they throw their own magnets from the wire in opposite directions. That is why if you put a magnet metal across the copper wire the one end is North Pole and the other end South Pole.
From Magnetic Current
This does not work in helical terms as to what is observed. The other alternative is that of a screw thread with the south pole thread screwing along the north pole thread. This keeps the distinct substances in the same relative position but places one alongside or inside the other not to one side of the wire. The final pattern is a standing wave pattern in which the twohelices loop through each other showing constructive and destructive interference and "diffraction" in the sense that positive cancels negative when close but distinguish themselves when apart. Now Leedskalnin demonstrates this interference differentiation along a wire with external magnets. This is something new and worthy of experimental examination, but this video supports it.
Do we therefore have 3 currents, 2 magnetic and contra polar and one electric running in a complex interference pattern in a wire, and is the same visible in a plasma filament?
Reading further I find Leedskalnin has completely "revised" the theory of matter into 2 substances a north pole substance and a south pole substance. To compare his ideas with standard physics requires a Rosetta stone for particle physics. But in fact we do not need to compare the magnetic poles with particles . Any 2 principled description of reality are its natural comparators. If we allow for 2 types of plasma we can do the comparison, and indeed this seems to be the best fit, because both in plasma physics and electrolyte physics we can make valid comparisons. The two types of plasma or electrolytes are positively or negatively charged ones. The currents take on appropriate name such as electrolyte currents or plasma currents . In Leedskalnins case they are called magnetic currents.
Ed exposes a theoretical war that was taking place in the 1920's written about by Donald Hotson in regard to Dirac's Equation. Rather than accept empirical data or unpalatable mathematical models some sought to manipulate the theory to their liking. Consequently the Newtonian suggested magnetic cause of gravity was pushed aside, the electron was adopted but not understood, and an atom was created out of unobserved particles which behaved like magnets but were not until recently recognised as magnets. The whole theory of electromagnetism was modified by Heaveside and Gibbs to fit their predilections and level of insight. In short the data and the mathematics was screwed over and no one was allowed to object!
Why do we need to use electrons? Only because the empirical data has been measured in that quantitative way. For example bond strength in chemistry is measured in electron volts even when a reaction is probably measured by temperature alone.
The reason I call the results of North and South Pole magnet's 18 functions magnetic currents and not electric currents or electricity is the electricity is connected too much with those non-existing electrons. If it had been called magneticity then I would accept it. Magneticity would indicate that it has a magnetic base and so it would be all right.
We can see that at this level Leedskalnin and plasma physics agree, the whirling helix double layer is fundamental to motion or movement of the substance.
With this type of comparison I can provide a rough translation of Leedskalnins work and ideas into plasma physics and take insight from there, avoiding the assumptions he says to avoid about electrons etc.
We really do need to be guided by the general principle in the third law of motion.