I am very pleased with the paradigm shift I am in the process of establishing. I have reconfigured everything material in terms of fluids and fluid mechanics. Suddenly the world makes more sense, and a whole range of phenomena become connected by simple patterns.
I have to reemphasise the crucial concept of shear! It is not the quantity or measured amount that is of fundamental importance, but the concept itself. Pressure also as the motive , the concept of accelerative motion, that is motion as cause, is as fundamental, since it is the motive of shear.
In fluid dynamics we may properly examine the concept of shear in experimental set ups such as pipes or tunnels, and in so doing identify the complex motions and effects and attributes of shear. It is clear that shear does more than just separate layers. Equally pressure is much more complex than just high or low. It results in various manifestations of other phenomena and attributes to matter.
The interplay between these phenomena is complex, but we may distinguish them sufficiently clearly by various combinations of pressure measurements and attendant shear behaviour. …
All matter continues in its state of motion unless acted upon by some pressure.
The net resultant of the pressure acting upon matter is a net change in the state of motion which is proportional to the total matter under pressure and the acceleration of that total matter.
In every action on or within matter there is an equall and contra action which sustains the state of matter in some form of equilibrium, and maintains motions within bounds
What is the difference between friction/ lubricity( viscosity) ans electric or magnetic attraction/ repulsion, or for that matter equilibrium pressure that is density separation pressure or density attraction pressure?
Everything , that is all matter exists in a nested series or sequence of Equilibria which I will identify as a universal fractal process producing recursively and iteratively local and scaled almost similar patterns.
Since this is a dynamic process I will characterise matter as a fluid which is able to flow. Expand and contract with attendant density, viscosity and terminal velocity conditions. The terminal velocity boundaries are regions of diverse accelerative ans velocities changes in matter which attain emergent characterisations such as heat, radiation, electric magnetic motives, and pressure being the most general characterisation. Because these pressures are characteristically observed to move matter in arbitrary displacements in rabiytary sequences of a standard motion which is taken as a metronome, these effects are also described thusly: energy ( from the Greek for work) and power, being the rate of the metronome at which work is done.
These fractal relationships are complex, and hitherto have been thought to reveal the handiwork of some divine being.
While this is a valid subjective conclusion that anyone may draw at liberty, nevertheless the task is to detail the processes involved in those phenomena to which I may gain observation, in a constructed synthesis in which I begin with some observable empirical phenomena and divide the principles out in explanation of other related phenomena.
Each empirical phenomenon may add new principles to the stock, but should they contradict the existing principles, the game is over and a new start must be made to proceed without contradiction.
Should this not be possible, then I may acknowledge a boundary and may not claim universality, nor permit others to do so on my behalf.
Should it also be found that there is not one but many general, but not universal theories detailing the behaviours of a fluid medium as described above, this is entirely acceptable and appropriate until some more general all encompassing theory is demonstrable.
I think I may be able to set out a simple distinction between kinds of pressure, based on their maximal or terminal velocities in matter considered as a viscous fluid.
The types of pressure I perceive are density separation pressure,, diffusion pressure, heat pressure, sonic pressure. Radiation pressure, vorticular motive pressure, that is electric and / or magnetic pressure. Radiation pressure is a little in distinct at the moment as it seems to be attendant upon a wide range of other pressures. However when That state of matter is attained that is currently termed plasma it seems to be entirely associated with it, in which case it may be sensible to distinguish it as plasma pressure. What the terminal velocity of plasma pressure may be will be interesting to discover.
You will note that I have neglected to mention gravitational pressure. This is because Newton clearly states that it was a dummy term used to distinguish a class of behaviours I feel are well covered by the other named pressures., in particular the vorticular motive pressures.
If such a schematic is tenable, it will then serve as the basis for distinguishing energies by the works done by such pressures..
http://www.phy6.org/Electric/-ElecAll4.htm The versorium inspired by the study of magnetic lodestone
" One big difference existed, however: positive and negative charges could be separated. While every magnet carries N and S poles of equal strength, electrified objects could also carry one type of charge only. Rubbing glass created one type, rubbing amber the other. Still, the total charge was always conserved, so if glass rubbed with cloth became positively charged, the cloth itself always received an equally large negative charge. '
This assumption is false, and yet it underpins all of Electromagnetism today. The intensity of the magnetic centres could not overshadow each other, but the electric centres could. these distinctions led to the 2 fluid model for electric , but s ministure magnet model for magnetism. This has never changed.
In addition water affected electrostatic pressures, but oil did not, suggesting that the nature of the boundary material was internally important for electric pressure, but not so for magnetic pressure. The boundary , the layer on the surface of the material was important in electric , whereas the magnetic seemed to be a volume of matter pressure. Electric was like a surface layer pressure effect, magnetism was a inherent volume and density relateed diffusion. How could it be explained? Why would an unstable surface phenomenon affect the deep core phenomenon?
What if one shilded the other, by capping it with a highly active skin? Or constrained the other with surface tension effect , so that a magnetic volume always has an electric sheath?
What is the effect of an electric field on a magnetised needle?
I applied friction to a plastic pen case with the ball nib in place, rubbing it against a synthetic material. When brought close to a magnetised needle enclosed in fluid the needle followed the pen. It did so if i attracted the red tip or the black tip, although the speed of following varied, which may be due to latent induction or fluid movements.
The compass needle slowly returned to its alignment when the pen was removed. The pen lost this effect over time.
There is a certain Spaciometry that solves the electric magnetic fluid issue. Certainly, clearing away cobwebs and old ideas like poles and mono polar electric charges helps.
The pressure of certain types of fluid, their relative densities, their vorticity in flow all contribute to the complex picture of attraction and repulsion . What we have called magnetic/ electric may be complex patterns of interlocking and regionalised vorticular flow pressures.
We can begin to probe these pressure fields by using a Venturi type test probe in AA laminar flow, one in the flow direction, the other at right angles to it. Hopefully this will resolve the spherical pressure field orthogonally and enable Newtonian or relativistic resolutions of pressure distributions for mor complex flow patterns.mi call the two types of compacting pressures, Bernoulli and Le Sage.
Why a Venturi and not a simple Manometer? The system is dynamic, and although a reading has to be static to be taken, or snapped with a camera to give a snapshot instance, the Venturi records more dynamic information about the pressure fields at a local scale. In particular it allows a more sensitive reading of small, local variations in pressure around small obstructions in a laminar flow . From these we could construct a 3 d model of obstructed flow in complex flow patterns.
I want to see if attraction and repulsion pressures develop a structure, and if so what structure.
TRIBOLOGY: FRICTION, WEAR, AND LUBRICATION
Date: June 24-28, 2013 | Tuition: $3,250 | Continuing Education Units (CEUs): 2.8
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The study of friction, wear, and lubrication has long been of enormous practical importance, since the functioning of many mechanical, electromechanical and biological systems depends on the appropriate friction and wear values. In recent decades, this field, termed tribology, has received increasing attention as it has become evident that the wastage of resources resulting from high friction and wear is greater than 6% of the Gross National Product. The potential savings offered by improved tribological knowledge, too, are great.
The background of most engineers in this important technological area, however, is seriously deficient. For example, an undergraduate engineering student receives less than an hour of instruction in tribology. Moreover, most reference works of tribology provide little guidance to solving real-world problems.
Accordingly, this program presents current insights into tribology in a pedagogical form, focusing on such fundamental concepts as surface energy, elastic and elastoplastic deformation, microfracture, and surface interactions at the micro- and nano-scale. Additionally, special considerations are given to the application of fundamental knowledge to control friction and wear behavior through lubrication and the selection of materials and coatings in practical situations. Furthermore, modern experimental methods are discussed and several case studies are used to indicate how fundamental tribology knowledge can be applied in the design of tribological components and systems.
Experimental results showing that the surface of ferromagnetic materials is spontaneously magnetized by tribological actions such as friction and wear in the absence of external magnetic fields are presented. The magnetization mechanism of the frictional surface and wear particles is discussed based on the results of measurements of the magnetic flux density as well as observations using an atomic force microscope (AFM). In particular, the AFM observations performed on the frictional surface reveal that extremely fine particles form during the initial stage of wear processes, and the diameter of the debris is observed to be 16–25 nm. The particles are determined to be elemental debris, which is the most fundamental debris composing wear particles. Furthermore, the observed elemental debris formed during the initial stage of tribological actions is of the same order as the single magnetic domain particle that is given by the theoretical calculation and experimental results. The phenomenon of tribomagnetization, i.e., the magnetization of frictional surface by the tribological actions, is discussed in view of the relationship between the formation of single magnetic domain particles and the elemental debris of wear particles in tribological processes. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
The surface of a fluid adopts the contours of its container. I therefore would expect the surface to be motile and non smooth. I think that this is the message of Brownian motion.
The kinetic theory givesvn adequate explanation, but fluid mechanics and wave mechanics gives a superior one. The bodily and vibrational motions of a fluid account for Brownian motion.minnaddition, tribological effects of wave motion provide revealing properties.