This is a very interesting conceptual action. The complexity of the action is well illustrated in its use, and in modern termsI would relate it to the wiggling action of an engraving tool. We have machines that grind very precisely using a trochoidal action which is maths speak for a complicated circular motion. In the case of a skilled autism it would to note this person engraving were muttering what he is engraving, or a person spelling out what he is writing. It would be akin to a sorcerer or a magician casting a spell by writing it out in the air or on A surface, as it is common in China or to bed for example. Prayers are often written out and then placed on a prayer wheel which is set in motion. The concept is the same.
In the case of the priest: he would take the object to be used as the engraving tool (a shoulder of lamb and a jug of oil for example,) and then he would write in the sky or around about him a word of Thanksgiving or even the name of Yehovah while giving thanks. When the engraving tool or the writing implement is a whole tribe the priest would get them to perform a curious dance almost equivalent to a rock ‘n’ roll performance while he wrote out the word thank you with his hands and gave thanks to Yehovah with his lips.
There are other applications in particular to the war dance which many warriors in gauge in before a battle with the chanting of some song and the brandishing of weapons. The most memorable is perhaps the Maori Greeting.￼￼￼ ￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼￼
H5130 – nuwph
H5130 – נוּף
Part of Speech: verb
Root Word (Etymology): A primitive root
TWOT Reference: 1329,1330
Outline of Biblical Usage:
1 to move to and fro, wave, besprinkle
1 (Qal) to besprinkle, sprinkle
2 (Polel) to wave, brandish (in threat)
3 (Hiphil) to swing, wield, wave
1 to wield
2 to wave or shake (the hand)
1 to wave (hand)
2 to shake or brandish against
3 to swing to and fro
3 to wave (an offering), offer
4 to shed abroad
4 (Hophal) to be waved
KJV Translation Count: 37x
The KJV translates Strongs H5130 in the following manner: wave (16x), shake (7x), offer (5x), lift up (4x), move (1x), perfumed (1x), send (1x), sift (1x), strike (1x).
Strong’s Definitions: נוּף nûwph, noof; a primitive root; to quiver (i.e. vibrate up and down, or rock to and fro); used in a great variety of applications (including sprinkling, beckoning, rubbing, bastinadoing, sawing, waving, etc.):—lift up, move, offer, perfume, send, shake, sift, strike, wave.
Gesenius’ Hebrew-Chaldee Lexicon
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Concordance Results (KJV)
Strong’s Number H5130 matches the Hebrew נוּף (nuwph),
which occurs 37 times in 35 verses in the Hebrew concordance of the KJV
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And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up H5130 thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.
And thou shalt put all in the hands of Aaron, and in the hands of his sons; and shalt wave H5130 them for a wave offering before the LORD.
And thou shalt take the breast of the ram of Aaron’s consecration, and wave H5130 it for a wave offering before the LORD: and it shall be thy part.
And thou shalt sanctify the breast of the wave offering, and the shoulder of the heave offering, which is waved, H5130 and which is heaved up, of the ram of the consecration, even of that which is for Aaron, and of that which is for his sons:
And they came, both men and women, as many as were willing hearted, and brought bracelets, and earrings, and rings, and tablets, all jewels of gold: and every man that offered H5130 offered an offering of gold unto the LORD.
His own hands shall bring the offerings of the LORD made by fire, the fat with the breast, it shall he bring, that the breast may be waved H5130 for a wave offering before the LORD.
And he put all upon Aaron’s hands, and upon his sons’ hands, and waved H5130 them for a wave offering before the LORD.
And Moses took the breast, and waved H5130 it for a wave offering before the LORD: for of the ram of consecration it was Moses’ part; as the LORD commanded Moses.
And the breasts and the right shoulder Aaron waved H5130 for a wave offering before the LORD; as Moses commanded.
The heave shoulder and the wave breast shall they bring with the offerings made by fire of the fat, to wave H5130 it for a wave offering before the LORD; and it shall be thine, and thy sons’ with thee, by a statute for ever; as the LORD hath commanded.
And the priest shall take one he lamb, and offer him for a trespass offering, and the log of oil, and wave H5130 them for a wave offering before the LORD:
And the priest shall take the lamb of the trespass offering, and the log of oil, and the priest shall wave H5130 them for a wave offering before the LORD:
And he shall wave H5130 the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave H5130 it.
And ye shall offer that day when ye wave H5130 the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD.
And the priest shall wave H5130 them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest.
Then the priest shall take the jealousy offering out of the woman’s hand, and shall wave H5130 the offering before the LORD, and offer it upon the altar:
And the priest shall wave H5130 them for a wave offering before the LORD: this is holy for the priest, with the wave breast and heave shoulder: and after that the Nazarite may drink wine.
And Aaron shall offer H5130 the Levites before the LORD for an offering of the children of Israel, that they may execute the service of the LORD.
And thou shalt set the Levites before Aaron, and before his sons, and offer H5130 them for an offering unto the LORD.
And after that shall the Levites go in to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation: and thou shalt cleanse them, and offer H5130 them for an offering.
And the Levites were purified, and they washed their clothes; and Aaron offered H5130 them as an offering before the LORD; and Aaron made an atonement for them to cleanse them.
When thou comest into the standing corn of thy neighbour, then thou mayest pluck the ears with thine hand; but thou shalt not move H5130 a sickle unto thy neighbour’s standing corn.
And there shalt thou build an altar unto the LORD thy God, an altar of stones: thou shalt not lift up H5130 any iron tool upon them.
As Moses the servant of the LORD commanded the children of Israel, as it is written in the book of the law of Moses, an altar of whole stones, over which no man hath lift up H5130 any iron: and they offered thereon burnt offerings unto the LORD, and sacrificed peace offerings.
But Naaman was wroth, and went away, and said, Behold, I thought, He will surely come out to me, and stand, and call on the name of the LORD his God, and strike H5130 his hand over the place, and recover the leper.
If I have lifted up H5130 my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:
Thou, O God, didst send H5130 a plentiful rain, whereby thou didst confirm thine inheritance, when it was weary.
I have perfumed H5130 my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon.
Shall the axe boast itself against him that heweth therewith? or shall the saw magnify itself against him that shaketh H5130 it? as if the rod should shake H5130 itself against them that lift it up, or as if the staff should lift up itself, as if it were no wood.
As yet shall he remain at Nob that day: he shall shake H5130 his hand against the mount of the daughter of Zion, the hill of Jerusalem.
And the LORD shall utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea; and with his mighty wind shall he shake H5130 his hand over the river, and shall smite it in the seven streams, and make men go over dryshod.
Lift ye up a banner upon the high mountain, exalt the voice unto them, shake H5130 the hand, that they may go into the gates of the nobles.
In that day shall Egypt be like unto women: and it shall be afraid and fear because of the shaking of the hand of the LORD of hosts, which he shaketh H5130 over it.
And his breath, as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift H5130 the nations with the sieve of vanity: and there shall be a bridle in the jaws of the people, causing them to err.
For, behold, I will shake H5130 mine hand upon them, and they shall be a spoil to their servants: and ye shall know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me.
Num 5:25 (KJV)
Num 5:25 KJV – 25 Then the priest shall take the jealousy offering out of the woman’s hand, and shall wave the offering before the LORD, and offer it upon the altar:
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And the Hakka